Enabling more Open Science in the energy sector
Jul 27 2021
Accelerating the energy transition is an urgent priority for Europe, with scientists indicating that keeping global temperature rise to under 2°C is becoming increasingly unlikely.
A series of necessary, but ambitious environmental targets have been set by the EU Green Deal, yet these mean reforms are needed across the energy sector, with further research required for us to better understand how to facilitate this change. Therefore, for Europe to achieve these goals, accurate, open-source data is a priority to provide scientists and energy experts with the information needed to protect our planet’s future and accelerate the energy transition.
The internet has revolutionized our lives, giving us instant access to vast amounts of information. In the research field, this has been advantageous to many researchers who are able to share their work with a wider community and get access to more data by themselves. Gradually scientific publication platforms have been established as centralized databases hosting the published work of researchers around the world. This is how the concept of ‘Open Science’ started to grow – open access to research and information available to all to facilitate faster, more effective research. In an attempt to boost European research, the European Commission has made the ‘Open Science’ concept one of its most important principles in its communication.
According to Open Science (OS) principles, all scientific products generated by research activities (e.g. scientific literature, research data, software, experiments) should be as open access as possible, made available as soon as possible, and under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. Therefore, scientists should follow OS publishing practices, but their adoption is often hindered by cultural and technical barriers.