Can Urban Farming Contribute to Solving the Dilemma of Food Security?
Jul 08 2021
Today, 3 billion people live in urban areas, which is about 55% of the world’s population. According to a United Nations report in 2018, that percentage will reach 68% by 2050. With the current urbanization, this poses a challenge to food security, as this puts pressure on existing food supply chains. In addition to the challenge of providing high-quality, and nutrient crops. Therefore, this challenge raises the question of how to provide high quality food that meets the local need? And How can Urban Farming be a part of the solution.
According to the FAO definition, food security means that all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary preferences and nutritional needs for an active and healthy life.
Urbanization affects all aspects of food production and consumption. Specific aspects of food security that apply to the urban context include (1) the necessity to purchase most of the food a household needs; (2) Increasing reliance on the market system and commercially processed foods. Thus, wage employment and cash income are the prerequisites for achieving food security. However, the majority of the urban population, especially in developing countries, is severely deprived with limited purchasing power, with most of them working in low paying jobs in the informal sector.
Urbanization and the Challenge of Food Security
Urban expansion, of course, is an inevitable result of social and economic growth, but at the expense of this urban expansion many problems are generated that appear very clearly in developing countries for these reasons: the rapid population growth, the limited jobs available, and the Economic depression.